causes of the russian revolution essay
In my opinion, the most important causes that caused the Russian Revolution were World War One, poverty, and the Russo-Japanese War. As the marchers approached the Narva Gates, they were faced with the guns of the waiting infantry27. The Zemstava consisted of intellects such as doctors, teachers, nurses and lawyers who often opposed intellectual values of the state. It wasn’t until the government and Duma officials came a an agreement accepted by the regime and the people that the revolution of 1905 came to an end. There were many causes of the 1905 Russian Revolution as the people suffered under the regime of a Czar. During the revolution, Russia experienced a phase of economic deterioration characterized by population increase, which strained the economy and resources in the country, failure of crops and inability of taxes to caution the country from various problems thus, resulting in massive poverty and … In Russia, these revolutions have a variety of complex causes and often have a vast impact on the lives of the people involved. Communism had major effects in the world, because it caused many of the major wars in modern history. When Alexander II died in 1881, his son Alexander III took the throne. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Looking for a flexible role? October 26, 2014 The soldiers, who were nervous, also panicked and open fired into the crowd. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay … A congress of Zemstva and Town Duma representatives met and to organize a proposal to the government to restore order to the nation. Repression and unrest with the peasants in Russia were the cause on the 1905 Russian Revolution. This aided in an increase in literacy as items such as books and news papers were more accessible to peasants. May of 1905 is significant within the strikes as it was the the first time a strike committee called themselves ‘soviets’.31 70 000 were involved in the strike and and took charge of local military and political operations.32 This was achieved through non-official elections held throughout Russia in the beginning of creating the soviets.33 As the people rebelled, cases of arson on gentry land increased, and land seizures occurred. These reforms, along with other reforms, were still not solving the problems for the people within Russia. The Russian Revolution resulted in a variety of causes which included the harsh conditions Russians had to endure, the inability of Tsar Nicholas to rule the country efficiently, the internal failings of World War 1 and finally, the rise of the Bolsheviks after the fall of the autocracy. Social groups began to reappear with great enthusiasm15. The proposal was made of agrarian and legal reforms. The main causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 were the poverty of the peasant class, the rise of the urban industrial class, the antiquated and oppressed military, a growing intellectual movement, and the inefficiency and autocracy of the Tsarist regime. Issues were intensified and the Czar showed incompetence and ill regard towards the peasants in the famine of 1891. The revolution forced Nicholas II to resign and transformed the Russian Empire into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) or the Soviet Union. The Russian revolution was caused by bad economy, bad leadership and World War I The main characteristic of such a society is making of capitalist production relations, where the most important part of the means of production and exchange of goods belongs to a small class of people, while the overwhelming majority of the population consists of proletarians and semi-proletarians who, by their … The February Revolution, in which overthrew the imperial government and the October Revolution, placed the Bolsheviks in power (britannica.com). In attempt to explain the causes of the Russian revolution, the historians raised various questions. The success of the movement worried the government about worker loyalty to the Tzar and it was shut down21. Before the war. November 1891, the government finally issued an imperial order asking for volunteers to help with the crisis they were unable to deal with14. The people panicked and some of the marchers dispersed, but most dropped to the ground. The biggest mistake the government made was the postponement of cereal exports which did not come into effect until late into the crisis. How far do you agree with this claim? On January 7 Father Gapon was ordered to put an end to the march. At first this group was focused on forming clubs and such activities, but as time went on they became more radical. Not only did the government fail to help the people, but it was also forbidden for newspapers to publicly name the problem, even though they printed the stories anyway. The revolution came about through a long phase of repression, unrest, and poverty for the average working-class Russian of the 20th Century. This event is known as the Russian Revolution (or the Bolshevik / October Revolution). Politically, it was a disaster as it presented the government as irresponsible, torpid and incompetent. Not only was food scarce, the people were forced to pay heavy taxes and the gap between the peasants and the nobles was widening every day. “Women pla… People from all types of work joined unions that organized massive strikes. The October revolution took part in November 1917 which is often referred to as the November revolution. The demands, the right to elect permanent representatives in factories, an eight hour work day, better wages, free medical care and access to education, were typical worker demands. The Russian Revolution happened because of discontentment of with the tsar, poverty in Russia, and lack of control over the government. The soldiers fired two warning shots and a third gun was aimed directly at the crowd. The 1917 Russian revolution was triggered by many different events and their outcomes in the time of Tsar Nicholas IIs ruling. a freely elected legislature of people’s representatives) or there will be a bloody and terrible conflict, no doubt ending in the victory of the reaction.” 30, Throughout 1905, peasants continued to participate in strikes. At the same time, to maintain its status as a great power, the Tsar, Russian Revolution Before 1905, Russia was a country that was led by a Czar who held full power and control over the country and its inhabitants. It happened because there were a series of revolution that started in 1905, including the bloody sunday. When the war started, it was greeted with some enthusiasm but it soon became clear that the Russian industry was too far behind the standards of the time and could not cope with an expensive war. With the Russo-Japanese war in effect, wheat exports to the far west were stopped and the economy suffered as the Czar refused to change.19 In 1902-1903, peasant revolts became more common as strikes increased. Home — Essay Samples — History — Russian Revolution of 1905 — Russian Revolution This essay has been submitted by a student. The Russian Revolution of 1917 covers the major events such as the February Revolution and the October Revolution that result in the established of the Soviet Union. The public began to press for a greater role in the affairs of the nation. One of the many problems Russia had that led to the eventual outbreak of the Russian Revolution and the creation of the Communist Party was that they had a lot of economic issues. The people of the country suffered greatly under the regime of the many of the Czars through reforms, incompetence and general disregard of the needs of the people. Now there is silence, but it is also the silence before the storm. The Russian Revolution caused the encounter of labors and people. The people were still quite discontented and within intellectual classes and secret societies began to for8. Anne The Revolution of … According to Dictionary.com, “A revolution is an overthrow or repudiation and the thorough replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed” (Dictionary.com Staff). The regime responded by arresting the delegates. The people began to call for a constitution.34 In September unrest continued to escalate. After the display of ill regard towards the peasants during the march, people, much in anger, continued to strike against the regime. A few of the terrible conditions were food shortages and overcrowding populations that became brutal and uncontrollable, The Russian Revolution had happened for two years from 1904 to 1906. The first world war had major affect on Russia due to major defeats and inaccurate advice causing over 3.8million the be wounded and large numbers of people left dead. In the early 1900’s depression set in and many Russians became unemployed. With an increase of population, land prices rose while income wages were kept low4. The writer of this source, Alexander Guchkov was the leader of the Octobrists, a party basically loyal to the Tsar and his government. This reform offered civil liberties, a state Duma and a cancellation of peasant redemption payments36. In January over 400 000 workers participated in a workers strike across the country. This name was because priest disagreed that workers had no rights to he went to Czar’s house and just started shooting everywhere. It would also seem that in 1894 when Czar Nicholas II ascended the thrown, he would lead a regime that was doomed to failure with all the problems the nation was having. Czar Nicholas II’s repressive response was met with more rebellion from the inhabitants of the country. He supported the Nobles, as for the government it was small, inefficient, and. Soon things began to settle down and people began to lose interest40. However, the Manifesto did not seem to help. The peasants paid more money to the monarchy than they did to landlords, and nobles kept the best lands for themselves resulting in the peasants to have land which was difficult to farm3. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. However, these groups were often not trusted by the workers who supported mutual aid schemes devised by other workers20. Russian revolution had five or six causes we have three really important causes. 150 000 people marched on the Winter Palace. There were many problems with this reform. They were a communist party and ended up taking over Russia by the end of the revolution. The historians, for example, have been confronted by the questions of whether the revolution was a response to conditions in Russia or it was part of an inevitable political and social process as Marxists claims. Some members of the Zemstava even had thought of a constitutional monarchy in place of a ruling Czar7. The governmental body, the Zemstava was established in 1864 and held responsibilities such as social welfare6. Research Essay - Russian Revolution Whatever the revolutionaries wanted, it was not the overthrow of the Tsar.' Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. The opposition to the Czarist state, the Social Democratic parties, the Bolsheviks, the Mensheviks and Socialist Revolutionaries, became more organized. Referring to three different wars, discuss the relationship between war and revolution in Russia between 1905 and 1921. Once the crisis had passed, the people no longer trusted the government as the regime had been discredited with its inability to help the people when the people were suffering. The Union delegates demanded a few things such as a constitutional assembly and the transfer of all landed property. The people of Russia split themselves into several political groups, all fighting over how the government should be run. CAUSES OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION OF MARCH 1917 Ben I’ve got to do an essay on the Causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917. Estimations of the death toll ranged between 150-200 people, while 450-800 people were estimated as being injured.28 In the middle of the chaos, Father Gapon was heard exclaiming “There is no God any longer. There were many causes of the 1905 Russian Revolution as the people suffered under the regime of a Czar. The Russian revolution was caused by the continual breakdown of the governments in Russia and the incompetency and authoritarian views of it’s czars. The causes included a weak government, indecisive leaders and, a … Like, The Russian Revolution is a series of political events that occurred during the years 1905 to 1924. The government attempted to deal with the famine and mass starvation, but was slowed down by its bureaucracy and a transportation system that was unable to cope10. The Russian people saw the structure of the Government as a crumbling disaster Nobles, Priests, Officials and, the Military were rulers and the governors of Russia that weren’t effected by the change that was happening. These economic issues troubled Russia before, during and after World War One. It happened during the 20th century and was the rise of communism and the rise of the Soviet Union. The dramatic change of government from an absolute monarchy to a communist government in Russia came to be because of a variety of different reasons. Wars are what primarily caused revolutions and multiple have caused the Russian revolution in 1917. It was known by many that that the events of Bloody Sunday where just the beginning as shown in a letter by a student named Kerensky: “I am sorry not to have written to you earlier, but we have been living here in such a state of shock that it was impossible to write. However, one still existed in 1904, led by Father George Gapon, The Assembly of Russian Working Men. The 1890’s seemed to become a decade of social change within the emergence of civil society that opposed the czarist state. There were many instances that perceived the government as uncaring, as such; widespread rumors of food deliveries being held back until ‘statistical proof was given11 showing the people were unable to feed themselves, often too late for actual help; relief work schemes set up to employ peasantry who where on their death beds; and the removal and quarantine of people who had contracted cholera, which resulted in riots from the public12. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. The Russian revolution was a pair of two revolutions during the years of 1905 and 1917, that were the result of Russia’s poor conditions at the time. The catalyst of Bloody Sunday and the response of repression through the massacre sent the country into a series of mass revolt that made up the revolution. Bloody Sunday was final blow to the Russian people who after this day fully revolted against the Tsarist state. You can view samples of our professional work here. Reforms,such as the Emancipation of the Serfs, creation of the Zemstva aided in the beginning of the road to revolution. Since the socialist government overthrew the czarist government, there were both political and economic exchanges occurred in the revolution. Mr. Lira The industrial workers were the biggest group that had received great hardships and the biggest contributors to the Russian Revolution. In November, the country was in full rioting. Punishments, such as public floggings and the burning of peasant villages were becoming common. Vladimir Lenin himself said “History will not forgive us if we do not assumer power” The October Revolution was a bloodless event. It completely changed the government and outlook on life in the very large country of Russia. They could not handle the very low payment and long working hours, 14 hours in average, and soon ended up revolting and rising riots and marches, December 2016 There is no Tzar.”29. The Russian Revolution happened because of discontentment of with the tsar, poverty in Russia, and lack of control over the government. The governmental scheme, the Zubatov movement was successful as it provided workers with a legal platform for protesting and allowing occasional strikes. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! The All Russian Peasant Union to over 100 000 members in 42 provinces. “War made revolution possible but made rebuilding society impossible”. ...assess the causes of the 1917 revolution? *You can also browse our support articles here >. Causes of the Russian Revolution Consider the following causes of the October 1917 Russian Revolution: The First World War was a terrible blow to Russia. It shows that faith in the government is decreasing and that a revolution is becoming more likely. During the World War 1 Russia witnessed the transition to a different and renewed that brought with itself some good and bad consequences; however it is necessary to analyze and understand each phase of the process in order to create a concept and a point of view. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Oh, ‘these awful days’ in Peter will remain forever in the memories of the people who lived them. VAT Registration No: 842417633. However, by this time, the government began to repress the strikes by force. The Crimean war took place from October 1853 to February 1856. The October Revolution was the final phase of the Russian revolution, and was caused by the Bolsheviks. A long line of tyrannical Tsars had ruled the country self-interestedly for many centuries, and over 95% of the country lived under severe economic and social conditions. All work is written to order. Before all of the revolution of 1905 in Russia happened, problems since the years before 1905 triggered a long run of anger and rage of the Russian citizens. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was one of the most explosive events in terms of politics, that Russia has ever come in contact with. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Use evidence and historians’ views to support your answer. 1 Maureen Perrie, “The Russian Peasant movement of 1905-1907: Its social composition and revolutionary significance”, 9Orlando Figes, A People’s Tragedy: Russian Revolution 1891-1924 (Great Britain: Jonathon Cape, Random House, 1996), 157, 16Beryl Williams, “1905 Russia” History Today 55.5 (May 2005) : p. 44-48, 31Eric R Wolf, Peasant wars of the twentieth century (United States of America: First Harper Torchbook, 1969), p.85, 33Robert Service, The Russian Revolution, 1900-1927 () p.31-32, 35Esther Kingston-Mann, “Lenin and the challenge of Peasant Militance: From Bloody Sunday, 1905 to the dissolution of the first Duma,” Russian Review, 38.5 (Oct, 1979) pp. The respite of the ban was seen by the people as the main cause of the famine13. One of these groups was the Bolshevik party. This seems to be a condition of the upcoming revolution16. The Emancipation of the serfs was a reform which allowed serfs the freedom of civil rights and allowed them to own land2. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was one of the most significant events in the 20th century. Causes of Russian Revolution: • Dissatisfaction with Existing Conditions: The conditions in Russia were not optimistic. What Were the Causes of the Russian Revolution. CAUSES OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION CAUSE FOUR: RASPUTIN AND THE CZARINA DATE: _____ CAUSE FIVE: REVOLUTIONS OF MARCH, 1917 DATE: _____ CAUSE SIX: THE BOLSHEVIKS TAKE POWER DATE: _____ 10. Who did Czar Nicholas leave in control of … The Russian revolution has three main causes: political, social and economics. With the growth of Industrialization, the peasants were forced to find jobs in factories, and with the building of railways they were able to travel great distances for work5. Issues were intensified and the Czar showed incompetence and ill regard towards the peasants in the famine of 1891. Their sacrifices and protests eventually made the revolution come true. Russia was an enigma, it was feared because of its massive size, the Tsar was an Autocrat, which means no legal restrictions on the Tsar took place and no elections were represented. What was intended as the people of the nation coming to their Tzar in peaceful display for help turned into a day of massacre. History The Limitations of the 1917 Provisional Government. The Russian revolution has remained one of the most notable events of recent history. Many wars have taken place in Russia and all of them were factors of which caused revolutions. Issues were intensified and the Czar showed incompetence and ill regard towards the peasants in the famine of 1891. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. The Russian Revolution caused the encounter of labors and people. For the revolution to begin and finally end with a communist power in Russia, there needed to be causes. Discuss three reasons why a democratic government failed to take root in Russia between 1905 and 1918. Even before the war everyone knew that Russia was not ready and the majority had the perception that Russia was forced into a war with Germany because of Serbia. It was cold, hard, and bitter instead. During the In January of 1905, protesters were protesting in front of the winter palace because of extreme poverty and starvation, Betina Velasco Causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917 The causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 were a combination of factors: The state of the Russian economy before World War 1 was a major factor.... Another cause was the political factor and the Tsars belief in his divine right to rule Russia. Essay question: To what extent was the Russian Revolution caused by individuals. Due to these liberal changes where elected people we given some power, people began to think they could question the authority of the Czar. As well, a large amount of land was sold to the peasant bank for resale to peasants with easy terms. Effects of the First World War. Serfdom, under feudalism, is the the status of peasants in which they are bound to a lord, or master, works on their land, and can be sold like property, The Russian Revolution started in 1905 through 1917. During the In January of 1905, protesters were protesting in front of the winter palace because of extreme poverty and starvation. 'Brushed aside the hand that was offered them’ this was said by Milyukov, Kadet leader. Root in Russia were the cause on the lives of the road to Revolution acknowledged... Socialist government overthrew the czarist state, the most important causes that caused the Russian Revolution were War! Seem to help intensified and the October Revolution was caused by the end of the nation by! 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